How the Walser came from the Valais Alps to the Kleinwalsertal

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Wedding crown

The Walser from the Valais Alps

The similarity of names comes not by chance: the Walser, as the inhabitants of the Kleinwalsertal in Vorarlberg name, come from the Valais Alps in Switzerland. From there in the late 12th century the first groups of Upper Valais made their way over the passes. What exactly the causes for the start of their arduous hike across the Alpine passes to the neighboring valleys in Austria you don't know. Was it the growing population, was it natural disaster, climate change or even the plague? There are no records of it, so one can only guess. In any case, Valais families moved west, south and east, where they settled in inhospitable areas.




Walser regions
Here live the Walser today


Tough - the Walser

To my question to Stefan Heim, the archivist in Riezlern im KleinwalsertalHe explains to me why they chose the route over the mountain passes for their hikes: “Back then, those were the easier routes. The trade routes from the south led over the passes, and the traders crossed them with their mule horses, on whose backs salt, flour and spices were transported to the north. Just think about your journey from Oberstdorf: this way is easy today. But you crossed thirteen waterways in the process. Roads as we know them today did not exist back then. The routes over the passes were the easier choice. ”They were tough, the Valais, who became Walsers through their hikes.


The Kleinwalsertal can only be reached from Austria and Switzerland via mountain passes. The Walser came into the valley over the passes.


The Walser Museum in Riezlern

We are in the Walser Museum in Riezlern, which is located on the two floors above the Kleinwalsertal tourist information center. There you can find Walser utensils Mountain farmers compiled, which show that life on the steep mountain slopes once determined their daily routine: they bred cattle and goats on the mountain pastures, mowed the grass that they let dry in hay almonds and used mule horses to transport their trade goods, which historically they were only allowed to transport over the mountain passes to Austria.


Walser room
A typical Walser room


The Kleinwalsertal - a dead end

The Kleinwalsertal has a special feature: it only offers one access to the valley, and it is only accessible from the north via Germany. Anyone who thinks that one can cross the valley and continue into Austria will soon be proven wrong. After 17 kilometers the roads in Baad end at a roundabout. Beyond there are only hiking trails and paths that lead to mountain huts on the mountain tops. The Walser once came into the valley via this.


This is what a Walser house looks like


The Walser mountain farmers

The barons of Rettenberg allowed some Walser families to use the slopes of the valley as alpine pastures. They cleared the mountain slopes and settled in the hunting area of ​​the nobles in the Breitach Valley. They had to do mercenary services in case of war and pay a rent. The land was assured to them and they could pass it on to the family.


Table decoration
Walser table decorations


The migration of the Walser

There are no written records of the migration of the Walsers. But there are similarities in the dialect, in the architectural style of the houses, in the church patrons. St. Theodul is still celebrated today on August 16 in the churches in Kleinwalsertal.

Today there are three main towns in Kleinwalsertal: Riezlern, Hirschegg and Mittelberg. Of the valley's almost 6000 year-round residents, just over half are Austrians and 45 percent are foreigners. Germans make up the largest part at 30 percent. One of the reasons for this is that the Kleinwalsertal has been part of the German economic area since 1891 through the customs connection agreement, although it is Austrian territory and belongs to the federal state of Vorarlberg. However, the Walser heritage can still be seen in many places.


Beautiful, right? The dresser in the Good Room of the Walser


Open to the Allgäu

To date, the valley can only be reached from the German side. “We wouldn’t have it any other way,” one of the innkeepers we met on our short trip to Kleinwalsertal tells me. “That would be fatal for the valley. This is how holiday guests come and stay in the valley. If there is an opportunity to travel further south from here, tourism will decrease. No, it's fine the way it is.” So the Walsers still have to either hike over the mountains. Or they travel via Germany to Kleinwalsertal.


Wall clock
The Walser wall clock


Tourism today – The Walser people still exist

In fact, tourism today is the most important source of income in the Kleinwalsertal. Played earlier Agriculture, livestock and the production of cheese play an important role, these meanwhile only play a minor role. Craftsmen are also a mainstay of the economy in the valley. Industry could never settle here. And so today tourism is important for the economy in this valley.

We recommend the night in:

Travel Charme Hotel Ifen
Top street 6
6992 Hirschegg
Information, availability query and online booking*
Hotels in the Kleinwalsertal*


This is what you need for a trip to Kleinwalsertal, Vorarlberg

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Travel Arrangements

Parking at the airport

Here you can reserve your parking space at the airport.

Arrival by plane, car, bus and train

Compare and book flights here*. The nearest airport is Munich. Arrival by train is also possible. The train goes to Oberstdorf. From there, bus #1 will take you to Kleinwalsertal: Timetable and booking*

Car Rentals:

Cheap car hire - book quickly and easily!

Rent Motorhomes:

Book Motorhomes in Europe here! *  Or do you like traveling with it instead? roof tent on the car? In addition, the overnight stay is in camping tents possible. For example, you can find a campsite at Alpencamping Haller, Köpfleweg 10a, 6991 Riezlern, Austria. With our motorhome packing list you will never forget anything again.

Accommodations in the region:

Accommodation for online booking is also available in Kleinwalsertal* via


The Walsers in the KleinwalsertalClick on the photo and then note “The Walser in Kleinwalsertal” on Pinterest


Do you know this?


Source Die Walser: research on site. We would definitely like to thank Tourismus Kleinwalsertal for inviting us to this trip. However, our opinions remain our own.

Text The Walser: © Copyright Monika Fuchs and TravelWorldOnline
Photos: © Copyright Monika Fuchs and TravelWorldOnline

How the Walser came from the Valais Alps to the Kleinwalsertal

Monika Fuchs

Monika Fuchs and Petar Fuchs are the authors and publishers of the Slow Travel and Enjoyment travel blog TravelWorldOnline Traveller. You have been publishing this blog since 2005. TravelWorldOnline has been online since 2001. Your topics are Trips to Savor and wine tourism worldwide and Slow Travel. During her studies, Monika Fuchs spent some time in North America, where she traveled to the USA and Canada - sometimes together with Petar Fuchs - and spent a research year in British Columbia. This strengthened her thirst for knowledge, which she pursued for 6 years Adventure Guide for Rotel Tours and then for 11 years as Study tour guide for Studiosus Reisen tried to breastfeed all over the world. She constantly expanded her travel regions, but curiosity still gnawed at her: “What is beyond the horizon? What else is there to discover in this city? Which people are interesting here? What do you eat in this region?” These are the questions she is now trying to answer as a freelance travel journalist (her articles have appeared in DIE ZEIT, 360° Canada, 360° USA, etc.), among others. travel writer and travel blogger answers in many countries around the world. Petar Fuchs produces the videos on this blog as well as on YouTube. Monika Fuchs from TravelWorldOnline is below Germany's top 50 bloggers in 2021 Other Information about Monika and Petar Fuchs. Recommendations on LinkedIn from tourism experts Further recommendations from cooperation partners and tourism experts Professional experience Monika on LinkedIn

2 thoughts too "How the Walser came from the Valais Alps to the Kleinwalsertal"

  1. Hello Monika and Peter,

    the Auswandungs ​​wave from the Valais reminds me strongly of the current news broadcasts. Why? The Walser may have come here as refugees. Perhaps they forced overpopulation, distress and misery to emigrate. It is conceivable that they suffered from noble feudal lords who restricted their freedom as serfs. One does not know exactly what the reason was for their emigration. I'm always happy when I come to a Walser settlement. It almost borders on a miracle that the Walser culture could maintain for so long. The special atmosphere and the alpine environment in this settlement inspires me every time. Greetings Andreas

    1. Hi Andrew,

      Yes that's true. We also find it fascinating that this culture has retained its peculiarities to this day. It may also be due to the remoteness of the valley. After all, it is still a dead end unless you hike over the mountains.

      Best regards,
      Monika and Petar

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